کاذب پھل , Pome Fruit 

Pome Fruit

کاذب پھل

A pome is an accessory fruit (a fleshy fruit) composed of the mature ovary along with other parts of flower. These flower parts can include the petals, the colorful leaflike flower parts; the sepals, the small, greenE leaflike structures at the base of the petals; and the receptacle, the enlarged tip of the flower stem to which the flower is attached. Depending on the species, some or all of these flower parts grow and expand around the ovary forming a pome.

یہ ایک رسیلا، فربہ پھل ہے ، جس کے قلب میں ناقابل خوردنی تخمدان ہوتا ہے جس میں عام طور پر پانچ بیج ہوتے ہیں ۔یہ بالغ بیضہ دانی ( mature ovary)  کے ساتھ ساتھ پھول کے دوسرے حصوں سے بنتا ہے۔

سفرجل ،بہی Quince
Cydonia oblonga
Golden apple

 

The immature fruit is greenE to yellow with hard flesh that is strongly perfumed. Most varieties of quince are sour to eat raw unless 'bletted' (softened by frost). They are used to make jam, jelly, or they may be peeled, then roasted, baked or stewed. The fruit turns to reddish orange color once it has cooked. The seeds are poisonous and should not be consumed.These fruits usually taste better cooked than raw, but some varieties, such as Champion, are sweet enough to eat fresh.It belongs to Rosaceae (Subfamily: Maloideae) and genus Cydonia.

یہ خاندان   Rosaceae کی نوع    Maloideae سے ہے۔اس کھٹے  پھل کو پکا کر کھایا جاتا ہے۔ اس سے جیم وغیرہ بنتا ہے۔

لوکاٹ Loquat (LOW-kwat)
Eriobotrya japonica,  Mespilus japonica, Photinia japonica
Japanese plum , Japanese medlar

They bear small, white flowers followed by an edible, yellow fruit. The succulent, tangy flesh is white, yellow or orange and sweet to subacid or acid. Loquats flower in autumn or early winter and their fruits ripen in late winter or spring. The fruits can be used fresh and in preserves, pies, and jellies. It is native to China and Japan. It belongs to Rosaceae (subfamily Maloideae) and genus Eriobotrya.

 یہ خاندان    Rosaceae کی نوع    Eriobotrya سے ہے۔ یہ کچے کھانے کے علاوہ اس سے چٹنی وغیرہ بھی بنائی جاتی ہے۔ یہ ایشیا سے تعلق رکھتا ہے۔

ناشپاتی     Pears 

Its botanical name is Pyrus communis. It is native to southeastern Europe and north Africa east right across Asia. The edible fruits of this tree are small, growing about 2 inches long, greenEish colored and dry and gritty. Many improved named varieties have been derived from this species. It belongs to Rosaceae family and genus Pyrus.

یہ خاندان Rosaceae کی نوع Pyrus سے ہے۔اس کی کئی اقسام ہیں۔ یہ جوس والا پھل ہے۔ اس کی بہت سی اقسام ہیں : ----

  • Pyrus amygdaliformis - Almond-leafed Pear
  • Pyrus austriaca - Austrian Pear
  • Pyrus balansae
  • Pyrus betulifolia
  • Pyrus bourgaeana - Iberian Pear
  • Pyrus bretschneideri - Ya Pear
  • Pyrus calleryana - Callery Pear
  • Pyrus caucasica - Cacasian Pear
  • Pyrus communis - European Pear
  • Pyrus cordata - Plymouth Pear
  • Pyrus cossonii - Algerian Pear
  • Pyrus elaeagrifolia - Oleaster-leafed Pear
  • Pyrus fauriei
  • Pyrus kawakamii
               
  • Pyrus korshinskyi
  • Pyrus lindleyi
  • Pyrus nivalis - Snow Pear
  • Pyrus pashia - Afghan Pear
  • Pyrus persica
  • Pyrus phaeocarpa
  • Pyrus pyraster - Wild Pear
  • Pyrus regelii
  • Pyrus salicifolia - Willow-leafed Pear
  • Pyrus salvifolia - Sage-leafed Pear
  • Pyrus serrulata
  • Pyrus syriaca
  • Pyrus ussuriensis - Siberian Pear

بالوناشپاتی ، ریت ناکھ Nashi Pear
Pyrus pyrifolia
Apple pear , Japanese pear ,Chinese pear , Oriental pear , Sand pear , Nashi , Asian pear , Salad pear

 

It is native native to eastern Asia, where it is widely grown for its edible fruit. It is often referred to as the Japanese Pear or Taiwan Pear. These are juicy, round pears that are shaped like apples. Because of the resemblance, they are sometimes known as "apple pears. It belongs to Rosaceae family and genus Pyrus.

اس کی 20 کے لگ بھگ اقسام ہیں۔ جو کہ رنگ اور جسامت کے لحاظ سے مختلف ہیں۔یہ رسیلی اور کھانے سے چرمڑ (Crunchy)  کی آواز پیدا ہوتی ہے۔عام طور پر کچی ہی کھائی جاتی ہے مگر کچھ لوگ پکا کر بھی کھاتے ہیں۔  

Seckel pear
sugar pear

 

یہ چھوٹی جسامت کی ہوتی ہیں۔ میٹھی اور رس والی ہیں، لیکن چھلکا ذرا موٹا ہوتا ہے۔

سیب Apples

It is one of the most widely cultivated tree fruits. Its botanical name is Malus domestica. It belongs to Rosaceae (Subfamily Maloideae) family and genus Malus. It has no common name in English, but is known in Kazakhstan, where it is native, as "alma"; in fact, the region where it is thought to originate is called Alma-Ata, or "father of the apples".This tree is still found wild in the mountains of Central Asia . 

یہ rose  خاندان Rosaceae   کی نوع Malus   سے ہے۔کچے کھانے کے لۓ  Gala, Fuji, Mutsu, Jonathan, Cameo, Golden Delicious, Cortland, Empire, Red Delicious, McIntosh, Braeburn, Winesap, Pink Lady, Sundowner    اقسام اچھی ہیں۔

  • Lodi (yellow fruits/bears annually)
  • Early McIntosh (bright red/bears biennial)
  • Gravenstein (striped red/annual)
  • Milton (pinkish-red/annual)
  • Wealthy (bright red/biennial)
  • Twenty Ounce (red striped/annual)
  • McIntosh (red/annual)
  • Cortland (red/annual)
  • Macoun (dark red)
  • Jonathan (dark red/annual)
  • Monroe (red/annual)
  • Delicious (striped red or spotted)
  • Sweet Delicious (dark red/ annual)
  • Rhode Island greenEing (greenEish-yellow/biennial)
  • Rome Beauty (red/annual)
  • Northern Spy (red striped/biennial)
  • Golden Delicious (yellow/biennial)
  • Stayman Winesap (red/annual)
  • Winesap (dark red/partially biennial)
  • York Imperial (pale red/biennial)
  • Yellow Newtown (yellow/biennial).
  • M. baccata & var. columnaris, Jackii, mandschurica
  • M. coronaria & var. Charlotte, Nieuwlandiana
  • M. halliana & var. parkmanii
  • M. purpurea (bronzy leaves, purple-crimson flowers & red fruits) & var. lemoinei, Eleyi, aldenhamensis
  • M. sargentii (6 - 8 ft. high); M. scheideckerii
  • M. spectabilis & var. riversii
  • M. zumi & var. calocarpa
  • M. sylvestris Niedzwetzkyana (purplish flowers, fruit, leaves & wood)
  • M. ionensis & var. plena

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