Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum, syn., Lycopersicon lycopersicum , Lycopersicon esculentum) is the ovary, together with its seeds, of a flowering plant, that is a fruit or, more precisely, a berry. The tomato is nutritionally categorized as a vegetable. The fruits of these plants are international favorites and there are more varieties sold of it than of any other vegetable. They may be eaten cooked or raw and are a good source of vitamins. The garden varieties of  Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum, formerly Lycopersicon lycopersicum) come from two wild types; L. esculentum and L. pimpinellifolium are originally from western South America. It is belongs to Solanaceae family and genus  Solanum.

Tomato has also been called Love Apple, Pomo D'Oro and Garden Apple. Tomatoes come in a wide range of shapes, sizes and colors . Some may be globe, round, flattened, oval, heart, or elongated and squarish shaped. Their colors may be red, yellow, orange, pink, black, brown, ivory,  purple, and striped, or white. The average weight for the garden tomato used for slicing is 4 to 6 oz., but some varieties weigh up to 2 pounds. High quality Tomatoes have a good ratio of cell wall to pulp and a short, soft core. With their rich flavor and mild acidity, tomatoes have worked their way into thousands of recipes.  You can eat them raw in salads, salsas, or sandwiches, cook them to make sauces, stuff them and bake them, or grill them on skewers with other vegetables. 

یہ خاندان Solanaceae کی نوع Solanum سے ہے۔ یوں اس کا نام ہوا  Solanum  lycopersicum ۔ یہ سینکڑوں پکوانوں کا حصہ ہے۔ اس سے چٹنی بنتی ہے، اسے کچا کھا سکتے ہیں ۔فریج میں رکھنے سے ان کی خوشبو ختم ہو جاتی ہے۔ ایک بڑا ٹماٹر ایک کپ کے برابر ہے۔جسامت اور ان کی شکل کے مطابق ان کی اقسام کو ترتیب دیا جاتا ہے۔    

Cherry tomato
Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. cerasiforme, Lycopersicon esculentum var. cerasiforme

Cherry" refers to the shape and size of the fruit. They may be colored red or yellow and their size ranges from one-half to five-eighths inch in diameter to the size of a ping-pong ball. The clusters or "hands" of Cherry Tomatoes can be very large and produce up to 100 Tomatoes each. A Cherry Tomato plant can easily match or top slicing Tomato vines of equal size in fruit production. There are both red and yellow varieties. 

یہ سرخ اور پیلے دو رنگوں میں ہوتے ہیں۔ یہ چھوٹے چھوٹے ہوتے ہیں۔

چھوٹا ٹماٹر    Currant tomato
Solanum pimpinellifolium


Currant tomato is a species of small tomato native to South America. Its small fruit are edible.

یہ بہت چھوٹے چھوٹے ہوتے ہیں، سرخ اور پیلے ہوتے ہیں تٍکوں کے ساتھ سیخوں پر لگا سکتے ہیں۔

Grape tomatoes


A grape tomato is a small, usually oblong tomato that combines the size and flavor of a small cherry tomato with the oblong shape. They are believed to originate in Southeast Asia. 

Sauce tomato
Paste tomato , Plum tomato, Roma tomato , Italian tomato  ,Italian plum tomato , Saladette tomato

A Sauce tomato or plum tomato or paste tomato is a type of tomato bred for sauce and packing purposes. They are generally oval or cylindrical in shape, with significantly fewer seed compartments than standard round tomatoes (usually only two) and a generally higher solid content, making them more suitable for processing. 

Slicing tomato
Globe tomato, Beefstake tomato , Oxheart tomato

یہ جسامت میں ذرا بڑا ہے یہ پیلا اور سرخ ہوتا ہے۔ 

Teardrop tomato
Poire-joli , Pear tomato

یہ ناشپاتی کی شکل کے چھوٹے چھوٹے ہیں۔

Vine tomato


یہ  ذائقے میں اچھے تبھی ہوتے ہیں جب  انہیں  پوری طرح پک جانے کے بعد توڑا جاۓ ، مگر انہیں بازار تک پہنچانا ایک مَسئلَہ ہوتا ہے ۔اسی لۓ  زیادہ تر انہیں کچا توڑا جاتا ہے، پھر Ethylene سے سرخ کیا جاتا ہے۔

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