پَھلیاں اور دال , Leguminosae 

Leguminosae

پَھلیاں اور دال

Legume family, Pea family, Bean family or Pulse family

A Legume is a simple dry fruit which develops from a simple carpel and usually opens along a seam on two sides. Fabaceae is the third largest family of flowering plants. The name 'Fabaceae' comes from the defunct genus Faba, now included into Vicia. The species of this family are found throughout the world. Beans are high in starch, protein and dietary fiber and an excellent source of iron, potassium, vitamin B6 and folic acid. Dry beans will keep indefinitely if stored in a cool, dry place, but as time passes, their nutritive value and flavor degrades and cooking times lengthen.

" Legume" can be: The common name for plant species in the Family Fabaceae or the name of a type of fruit, characteristic of leguminous plants.

یہ غذائیت سے بھر پور اور ان میں روغنی مادے کم ہوتے ہیں، لیکن یہ اپھارا کرتے ہیں۔ اگر آپ دو کپ پکائیں گے تو یہ پکنے کے بعد چار سے پانچ کپ ہو سکتے ہیں۔

 

باقلا - Vicia
Vicia articulata, Vicia bithynica, Vicia canescens, Vicia cassubica, Vicia cracca , Vicia dumetorum, Vicia ervilia, Vicia faba, Vicia hirsuta ,Vicia lathyroides, Vicia lutea, Vicia narbonensis, Vicia onobrychioides, Vicia oroboides, Vicia orobus, Vicia pannonica ,Vicia pisiformis, Vicia pyrenaica, Vicia sativa, Vicia sepium, Vicia sylvatica, Vicia tenuifolia , Vicia tenuissima, Vicia tetrasperma,Vicia unijuga, Vicia villosa
Broad Bean

It belongs to Fabaceae family, it is native to Europe, Asia and Africa. One species, Vicia faba, commonly known as Broad Bean or fava bean is cultivated for human consumption.

یہ خاندان Fabaceae  کی نوع  Viciaسے  ہیں ۔اس کی 140 کے قریب اقسام ہیں۔ اس کی صرف ایک قسم  Vicia faba   کھائی جاتی ہے باقی اکثر زہریلی ہیں۔

 

 

- باقلا ، موٹھ موٹھ - Vetch

 

باقلاۓ مصری ،ترمس،لوبیائی لوبیائی پودا - Lupinus (Lupi'nus), Lupine
Lupinus albus , Lupinus angustifolius ,Lupinus arboreus, Lupinus luteus,Lupinus mutabilis, Lupinus nootkatensis, Lupinus polyphyllus ,Lupinus x regalis ,Lupinus texensis ,Lupinus tidestromii
Blue Lupin, White Lupin, Yellow Lupin , Tarwi, Tarhui, Chocho, Altramuz, Andean lupin, South American lupin, Pearl lupin

It belongs to Fabaceae family, and is native to North America and Europe. It may have not been more widely used because it is bitter due to some alkaloid content. However, the alkaloids are water-soluble and can be removed by soaking the seeds for some days in water.

یہ  خاندان Fabaceae کی نوع Lupinus سے  ہیں ۔اس کی 150 سے زیادہ اقسام ہیں۔یہ قدیم زمانے سے کاشت ہو رہی ہے، مشرقی امریکا کی ریتلی زمین میں عام  اگنے والی جنگلی بوٹی جس کے پھول نیلے ، گلابی اور سفید ہوتے ہیں۔

 

جنگلی مٹر - Lathyrus
Lathyrus aureus ,Lathyrus annuus , Lathyrus chloranthus, Lathyrus japonicus ,Lathyrus latifolius , Lathyrus linifolius ,Lathyrus nervosus ,Lathyrus nissolia ,Lathyrus odoratus ,Lathyrus pratensis, Lathyrus sativus , Lathyrus sylvestris , Lathyrus tingitanus
Sweet pea,  Indian Pea , Flat Pea-vine,  Tuberous Pea, Earthnut Pea, Aardaker

It belongs to Fabaceae family. It is native to Europe, America, Asia, East Africa. The genus includes the garden sweet pea (Lathyrus odoratus). Lathyrus tuberosus is occasionally grown as a root vegetable for its edible tuber. The sweet, starchy tubers are edible cooked or raw. The seeds of some Lathyrus species contain a toxic amino acid and if eaten in large quantities can cause lathyrism, a serious disease.

یہ خاندان Fabaceae  کی نوع Lathyrus سے  ہیں ۔اس کی تقریباً 160 اقسام ہیں۔

 

چَنْا - Cicer
Cicer acanthophyllum , Cicer anatolicum, Cicer arietinum-chickpea, Cicer atlanticum , Cicer bijugum, Cicer canariense ,Cicer chorassanicum ,Cicer cuneatum, Cicer echinospermum, Cicer fedtschenkoi, Cicer flexuosum, Cicer graecum, Cicer incisum, Cicer judaicum, Cicer kermanense, Cicer macracanthum, Cicer microphyllum, Cicer mogolatvicum, Cicer montbretii, Cicer multijugum, Cicer oxyodon, Cicer pinnatifidum, Cicer pungens, Cicer rechingeri, Cicer reticulatum, Cicer songaricum, Cicer spiroceras, Cicer stapfianum, Cicer subaphyllum, Cicer tragacanthoides, Cicer yamashitae
Chickpea

 It belongs to Fabaceae family. It is native to Middle East and Asia. They resemble vetch more than peas or beans.

یہ خاندان  Fabaceae  کی نوع  Cicer سے ہیں ۔

 

سیم - Lablab, Dolichos
Dolichos lablab L., Dolichos purpureus L., Lablab purpureus(L.) Sweet Dolichos lablab L.,  Lablab niger Medikus, Lablab lablab (L.) Lyons, Vigna aristata Piper,  Lablab vulgaris (L.) Savi , Lablab purpureus(L.) Sweet
Hyacinth Bean, Indian Bean , Egyptian Bean

It belongs to Fabaceae family. It is native to Africa. The most commonly grown kind is D. Lablab, the Hyacinth Bean. This pretty vine has lavender-purple or white, fragrant flowers, which resemble tiny butterflies. Pods and seeds may be poisonous due to high concentrations of cyanogenic glucosides, and can only be eaten after prolonged boiling.

یہ خاندان  Fabaceae  کی نوع  Lablab  سے ہیں ۔افریقہ میں اس کا استعمال زیادہ ہے۔

 

عدس - Lens
Lens culinaris ,Lens ervoides , Lens lamottei ,Lens nigricans
Lentil

It belongs to Fabaceae family. The lentil or masoor is grown for its lens-shaped seeds.

یہ خاندان Fabaceae  کی نوع Lens سے  ہیں ۔ایسی شکل کی دال جس میں دو مختلف شکلیں ہوتی ہیں یا تو دونوں منحنی ہوتی ہیں یا ایک منحنی اور دوسری ہموار۔

 

مونگ - Vigna
Vigna acontifolia , Vigna angularis, Vigna mungo or urd, Vigna radiata ,  Vigna subterranea, Vigna umbellata, Vigna unguiculata, Vigna unguiculata ssp. cylindrica, Vigna unguiculata ssp. dekindtiana , Vigna unguiculata ssp. sesquipedalis , Vigna unguiculata ssp. unguiculata , Vigna vexillata , Vigna caracalla
Moth bean , Zombi pea,  zuki bean  , Urd bean  ,  Mung bean  ,  Bambara groundnut  , Voandzeia  , Rice bean  ,  Cowpea  ,  Black-eyed pea  ,  Yardlong beanSouthern pea , Catjang,

It belongs to Fabaceae family. Many Vigna species are cultivated for food. Common names in this genus reflect its mixed taxonomic history as some are referred to as peas and others as beans.

یہ خاندان Fabaceae  کی نوع  Vigna  سے  ہیں ۔اس کی کئی اقسام    Fabaceae  کی نوع  Phaseolus میں بھی کئی لوگ رکھتے ہیں۔

 

مٹر - Pisum
Pisum abyssinicum , Pisum sativum subsp. abyssinicum , Pisum fulvum , Pisum sativum , Pisum sativum subsp. elatius , Pisum sativum subsp. sativum
Garden pea, Green Pea, English Pea, Feld pea

It belongs to Fabaceae family, native to southwest Asia and northeast Africa. Pisum sativum is a major human food crop.

یہ خاندان  Fabaceae  کی نوع  Pisum سے  ہیں ۔ ان کا تعلق ایشیا اور افریقہ سے ہے۔

 

- Cajanus
Cajanus cajan, Cajanus scarabaeoides
Pigeon pea

It belongs to Fabaceae family.

یہ خاندان  Fabaceae  کی نوع  Cajanus سے ہیں ۔

 

- Canavalia
Canavalia ensiformis
Jack bean

It belongs to Fabaceae family.

یہ خاندان  Fabaceae  کی نوع  Canavalia سے ہیں ۔

 

- Cyamopsis
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba, Cyamopsis dentata, Cyamopsis psoraloides,Cyamopsis senegalensis, Cyamopsis serrata
Guar , Cluster bean

It belongs to Fabaceae family. It is native to  Africa, Asia and the Pacific. Guar is drought-tolerant and can be eaten as a green bean.

یہ خاندان Fabaceae  کی نوع Cyamopsis سے ہیں ۔

 

- Erythrina
Erythrina crista, Erythrina edulis ,Erythrina flabelliformis , Erythrina herbacea , Erythrina humeana ,Erythrina indica ,Erythrina lysistemon , Erythrina mulungu , Erythrina verna ,Erythrina sandwicensis
Cockspur Coral Tree, Kaffirboom , Ceibo , Basul, Kearney Coral Bean ,Coral Bean , Dwarf Coral Tree , Tiger Claw , Common Coral Tree , Mulungu , Wiliwili

یہ خاندان  Fabaceae  کی نوع  Erythrina سے ہیں ۔اس کی تقریباً 130 اقسام ہیں۔

 

- Glycine 
Glycine max
Soybean

It belongs to Fabaceae family. It is native to Australia, Africa and Asia. Soybeans can be classified as "vegetable" or field types. Vegetable types cook more easily, have a mild nutty flavor, better texture, are larger in size, higher in protein, and lower in oil than field types. Dry seeds are black or yellow; most black-seeded varieties are adapted to tropical conditions. They are high in fat and protein and must be cooked thoroughly, even when they are immature and green, to make them completely digestible. They are used in the preparation of oils, flour, seasoning and sauces.

یہ خاندان  Fabaceae  کی نوع  Glycine سے ہیں ۔

 

- Macrotyloma 
Macrotyloma uniflorum
Horse gram

It belongs to Fabaceae family. It is grown in India where it is used as food. Horse gram is an excellent source of iron.

یہ  خاندان  Fabaceae  کی نوع  Macrotyloma سے ہیں ۔

 

- Phaseolus
Phaseolus acutifolius , Phaseolus coccineus,  Phaseolus lunatus, Phaseolus vulgaris
Lima bean , Common bean , Runner bean , Tepary bean

It belongs to Fabaceae family. It is native to Americas.

یہ خاندان  Fabaceae  کی نوع  Phaseolus سے ہیں ۔اس کی پچاس کے قریب اقسام ہیں اور سب کا تعلق امریکہ سے ہے۔

 

- Psophocarpus 
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus
Winged bean, Goa bean

It belongs to Fabaceae family. It is native to Papua New Guinea. The beans are used as a vegetable, but the leaves, flowers, and tuberous roots are also edible. The flowers are often used to color rice and pastries.

خاندان  Fabaceae  کی نوع  Psophocarpus سے ہیں ۔

 

- Stizolobium 
Stizolobium spp, Mucuna pruriens,. Dolichos pruriens
Velvet bean

It belongs to Fabaceae family. It is native to Africa, India and the Caribbean. The beans are shiny black or brown.

یہ خاندان  Fabaceae  کی نوع  Stizolobium سے ہیں ۔

 

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